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TOPIC ,DIFFERENCE BETWEEN HEARING AND LISTENING








CENTER FOR COMMUNICATION STUDIES

COURSE TITTLE               :           COMMUNICATION SKILLS
COURSE CODE                  :           CL 106
SEMINAR LEADER           :           DR. KADEGHE M.
SEMINAR DAY                   :           TUESDAY
SEMINAR TIME                 :           16:00 – 17:00
SEMINAR VENUE             :           COAF LR5
GROUP NO                          :           03
GROUP MEMBERS
No
NAME OF PARTICIPANTS
REG #
PROGRAM
SIGN
1
JAILOS RAPHAEL
2016-04-01213
BAED

2
ELISTAKI YUSTA MASSAWE
2016-04-01026
BAED

3
CHIZA CHRISTINA ABEL
2016-04-03072
BAED

4
JOEL BARAKA
2016-04-01085
BAED

5
GURISHA SALIMU HUSSEIN
2016-04-01444
BAED


QUESTION No.
Differentiate between hearing and listening; what interferences (both external and internal) might affect the way you listen?


Listening and hearing can be defined by different scholars as follows

According to Kadeghe (2017:166), listening is one of the language skills which you should master, others are speaking, reading and writing, listening is considered to be one of the most important parts of the oral communication.

According to Babita (2013), listening is the key to receiving message effective, also listening is a skill of language, it requires a desire to understand another human being an attitude of respect and acceptance and willingness to open one’s mind to try and see things from another point of view.

Generally listening is ability to accurately receive and interpret message in the communication process it involves identifying the sounds of speech and processing them into words and sentences.

According to Babita (2013), hearing referred to the response caused by waves stimulating the sensory receptors of the ear, it is physical response, hearing is perception of sound waves, you must hear to listen but you need not to listen to hear.

According to Kadeghe (2017), hearing is a passive act a mere reception of sound. Generally hearing defines only the physical measurement of the sound waves that are transmitted to the ear and into the brain where they are processed into audible information.

There are several differences between hearing and listening as follows bellow:-

Listening is a conscious choice that demands attention and concentration while hearing is passive occurrence that requires no effort.

Listening is a skill which allows one to make sense of and understand what is being said while hearing is a physical ability without any effort.

Listening uses other sense of organs such as hearing, seeing and sometimes the sense of touch too. While hearing uses only one of the five sense of organs which is hearing.

Listening is a voluntary action while hearing is simply that action of perceiving sounds by ear (involuntary).

Listening is a skill where by a person need to learn it. (Not everyone has the ability to listen) while hearing everyone can hear unless there is physical disability.

Apart from above differences between listen and hearing, the following are interferences of listening, both internal and external.

Physical or environmental interferences, these are the obstacles which effect listening and in most situation they are case to correct, problem of hearing, use of microphones which do not project as it supposed to be heard, noise, if it is difficult to see the speaker or if there is something more interesting to look at the room is too hot or too cold, bad ventilation example smoke atmosphere, the lighting too bright or too dim and smells.

Mental or psychological interferences, wondering mind or in attention (fact, the brain can process over 500 words at a rate of 125 to 250 words per minute, anger, frustration, status differences.

Physiological interferences, this includes tiredness, headache, hearing impairment, discomfort, pain, poor eyesight.

Linguistic interferences, occur when person produce words with more than one meaning. Example includes complex vocabulary, complex sentence, delivery too fast, delivery too slow, delivery too loud, bad organized materials, jargon (specialist language).

Perceptual interferences, social or cultural background differences, appearance of speaker (mannerism).

Content interferences, when subject of the discussion does not interested it can interfere listen, also speaker goes on for too long, someone hear it before, content is too difficult, content is repetitious.

Therefore, listening and hearing are words which are seemed to be similar but they are differ as explained above. Also in order to be a good listener there ways to follow such as stop talking, focus on the content, be polite (don’t interact the speaker), maintain eye contact to the speaker.





REFERENCES

Kadeghe, M. (2017).Communication Skills with Day to Day Grammar. Afroplus Industries: Dar es Salaam.

Steinberg, S. (2007).An Introduction to Communication Studies.Jata and Company: Pretoria.










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